Homeowners insurance basics
Q: How is the cost of my homeowners insurance determined?
A: A number of factors determine the cost of your homeowners policy including the type of policy you choose, how much insurance you carry and the size of your deductible. The construction of your home or apartment also is a factor, as some buildings are more fire-resistant than others. Available fire protection in your community and where you live also are factors.
Q: How can I reduce the cost of my homeowners insurance?
A: One way to keep insurance costs down while maintaining adequate protection for your family, property and belongings is to increase the size of your deductible. A deductible is the agreed amount by which, in the event of a covered loss or damage, the insurance company reduces the loss payment. For example, if you agree to a $100 deductible on your homeowners policy, you would be responsible for the first $100 in damages and your insurance company would reimburse you for the balance of the loss up to the policy limit.
The higher your deductible, the lower your premium will be. Increasing your deductible to the level you can afford will reduce your insurance costs while still providing protection from large losses. You also may be eligible for lower premiums if you have certain protective devices installed in your home such as a burglar alarm, fire alarm or smoke detector.
Q: How does an all-risk homeowners policy differ from a named-peril homeowners policy?
A: All-risk policies generally insure against more losses or damages than named-peril policies by insuring against every direct cause of physical loss or damage except those excluded in the policy, such as losses due to flood or earthquake. A named-peril policy covers only losses or damages resulting from perils named in the policy contract. A peril is an event such as a fire or vandalism that causes damage or loss to your home or property.
Q: What should I be aware of when I permit contractors to perform work athouse.jpg my residence?
A: A homeowner has a legal duty to provide a safe premises for invited guests and even trespassers. Neighbors certainly have a right to expect that activities on the premises will not be harmful to their person or property. Consequently, a homeowner could be held liable for bodily injury or property damages involving a contractor’s activities, either because of the homeowner’s own negligence or the contingent responsibility for hiring a negligent contractor. Such protection is provided by the liability coverage of a homeowners policy. However, you will not want your policy to respond as primary coverage. We recommend that you verify (usually by certificate of insurance) that the contractor has general liability coverage in effect before performing the work. And since no workers’ compensation coverage for a contractor is provided by your homeowners policy, it is all the more important to verify that the contractor carries the required workers’ compensation coverage. A homeowner could be held liable for a worker’s injuries in the absence of the contractor’s policy.